There are too many laws, one country, 29 states, and 7 Union territories. And whether you’re a law student, a practicing attorney, or a law aspirant from any CLAT Coaching in Jaipur, keeping up with or memorizing every single one of them isn’t something that everyone finds straightforward.
The majority of people are aware of their fundamental rights; however, many laws are unknown to or misunderstood by the public. Everyone needs to be aware of the additional fundamental laws that the Indian legal system governs.
12 Unknown Laws of Land in a Row: Important to Remember
There are 12 least known laws discussed in various institutes providing CLAT Coaching in Jaipur to help aspirants remember the laws. They are:
- Zero FIR: This falls within the FIR’s Right to Zero FIR. Regrettably, it is not uncommon for complainants to be transferred to different police stations in order to avoid accountability. As discussed by various experts in CLAT Coaching in Jaipur, with this privilege, the police officers are unable to dismiss you by saying the matter is outside of their purview.
- Offense of Littering Around: Although it is illegal to leave roadways messy, most people are unaware of this fact. They don’t realize that it is illegal and punitive to consume, leave plastic packets behind, and litter the streets. If they are discovered or if someone files a complaint, they will be required to pay. For this offense, one may be subject to jail time or a hefty fine. Spitting as well as urinating in public places are prohibited in various Indian towns.
- Even if the medical professional determines that there hasn’t been rape, the matter cannot be closed: According to Criminal Procedure Code, in Section 164A, a rape victim must get a medical examination. Only the evidence of current sexual activity is relevant for the medical officer to comment on. The final says on whether or not there has been rape is left to the legal system; the doctor cannot make that determination.
- Arrests of women are prohibited from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m.: The only circumstances under which a woman may be arrested are when she is taken into custody by a female police officer and brought to an all-female police station, or when the Judicial Magistrate gives her written consent.
- It is acceptable for women to file online complaints: If a woman is unable to visit the police station for any reason, she can file a complaint with the Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police by registered mail or email. At that point, the residence can be visited by the police.
- Laws on Anti-Smoking: As per the Anti-smoking law, it has been unlawful to smoke in public places since 2008. In India, the legal age to purchase tobacco products is eighteen. If discovered smoking in public, you will be fined 200 Indian rupees. Public spaces include things like parks, hospitals, colleges, public offices, and schools. Smoking is harmful to one’s health, and in India, it is the cause of over a million deaths. These days, even kids are prone to this behavior, which is extremely detrimental to their health.
- You may ask for free water at any moment: The Indian Sarais Act of 1887 states that anybody, at any time, may request free water for themselves as well as their pets from any hotel or restaurant. In addition, no one can refuse them access to the restroom, and they can use it for free. You have the legal right to request water at any time from any hotel.
- Rights of Live-in Relationships: In India, live-in relationships are legal; however, most landlords don’t seem to mind. Moreover, the union’s offspring have the right to inheritance.
- Maximum Retail Price: You can purchase for less money than the MRP. MRP stands for Maximum Retail Price, and it is your prerogative as a customer to haggle for a lower price. A seller is limited to the MRP, though.
- Explosion of Cylinders having LPG: You are eligible to receive coverage up to 40 lakh rupees in the unlikely event that your cylinder explodes. Many individuals don’t know that if an LPG cylinder explodes and causes property damage or fatalities, residential clients are entitled to reimbursement of forty lakh rupees.
- Publication of Notice for Buying of Property: While buying immovable property, like a building, land or a flat, giving a public notice in the newspaper is a must. It doesn’t matter which one you select, and any state’s language with broad usage will substitute for English. If you are involved in any kind of dispute about the property you have purchased, this widely available notice will help protect your legal interests.
- One-Time Fine:After being penalized once during the day, you could receive an exemption. You risk getting into trouble if you ride about without a helmet, but if you pay a fine within a day, you can skip the following challan until after midnight. Yes, but don’t take this as a call to action. Please drive cautiously.